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Post  Admin on Sat Feb 21, 2009 2:08 pm

The goal of the Wildlands Project is to set aside approximately fifty (50) percent of the North American continent (Turtle Island) as "wild land" for the preservation of biological diversity.
The project seeks to do this by creating "reserve networks" across the continent. Reserves are made up of the following:
Cores, created from public lands such as National Forest and Parks
Buffers, often created from private land adjoining the cores to provide additional protection
Corridors, a mix of public and private lands usually following along rivers and wildlife migration routes
The primary characteristics of core areas are that they are large (100,000 to 25 million acres), and allow for little, if any, human use.
The primary characteristics of buffers are that they allow for limited human use so long as they are "managed with native biodiversity as a preeminent concern."
Moral and ethical guidelines for the Wildlands Project are based on the philosophy of Deep Ecology.
The eight point platform of Deep Ecology can be summarized as follows:
All life (human and non-human) has equal value.
Resource consumption above what is needed to supply "vital" human needs is immoral.
Human population must be reduced
Western civilization must radically change present economic, technological, and ideological structures.
Believers have an obligation to try to implement the necessary changes.
The Wildlands Project itself is supported by hundreds of groups working towards its long-term implementation. Implementation may take 100 years or more.
The Wildlands Project has received millions of dollars in support from wealthy private and corporate foundations such as the Turner Foundation, Patagonia, W. Alton Jones Foundation, Lyndhurst Foundation, etc.
The Wildlands Project exist within legal boundaries, however that should not prevent us from being concerned. At the very least, it advocates an extreme manifestation of environmental and public policy. Therefore, any claim the Wildlands Project makes toward public policy must be debated, and ultimately decided, in the public arena. Yet to date it has existed almost anonymously; beyond the knowledge of the wider public. It must be examined out from behind the cover of more general environmental concerns, held up for public scrutiny, and either accepted or rejected by a public fully aware of its implications. Failing to do so could have dire consequences, for as John Adams once wrote, "Liberty cannot be preserved without a general knowledge by the people."


Common Terms and Concepts used in the Wildlands Project Anthropocentric •Looking at life from a human perspective.
Biocentric •A point of view that emphasizes a non-human perception of the universe.
Biological Diversity •The variety of life across all levels of organization from genetic diversity within populations, to species, which have to be regarded as the pivotal unit of classification, to ecosystems.
Bioregions •Geopolitical regions formed from land areas constituting similar ecosystems. For example, in the U.S., areas now defined by state boundaries would be reorganized to follow similar landscape features. Out of the mountainous regions of Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, Georgia, Kentucky, and West Virginia would come the Southern Appalachian Bioregion.
Buffer Zones •Areas of moderate, though restricted, use that surround core areas. Buffer zones are primarily drawn from private land.
Conservation Biology •A combination of biology and ecology that has protecting and where necessary restoring , the structure and function of natural biological communities throughout the world as its objectives.
Core Area •The central component of the wild land reserve program. Core areas are large, allow little or no human use, and are taken mostly from public lands.
Corridor •An area of land that connects core areas to other core areas. Corridors generally follow rivers and streams, and wildlife migration routes. They are taken from both public and private lands.
DBH (diameter breast height) •The diameter of a tree measured at about 4.5 feet above the ground. This measurement, correlated to the height of the tree, gives an indication of the board foot volume of lumber in a tree.
Deep Ecology •Containing little of the science of ecology, deep ecology is a philosophy that gives equal value to human and non-human life. Deep ecologist believe that humans should use natural resources to satisfy only vital needs.
ESA •Endangered Species Act
Ecology •A branch of biology dealing with the relations and interactions existing between organisms and their environment.
Ecoforestry •A form of passive forest management based on the values of deep ecology, and predicated upon the notion that human life has no more right to use forest than non-human life.
Ecosystem •A system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with its environment.
Forestry •The science of active forest management which believes forests can provide a wide variety of public benefits including products for human consumption.
Fragmentation •A term that refers to forest landscapes that are broken and not continuous.
Global Biodiversity Assessment •A publication of the United Nations Environment Program that seeks to analyze the present knowledge and understanding of biodiversity and the nature of our interactions with it.
National Forest •Public lands set aside to provide for multiple benefits and for multiple uses. Mining, grazing, and timber harvesting are allowed. Administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
National Parks •Public lands set aside to provide biological, scenic, and recreational opportunities. No mining, grazing or timber harvesting are allowed. Administered by the U.S. Department of Interior Park Service.
Pre-Columbian •The period of time before Columbus arrived in the Americas.
Private Forest •Forest land belonging to individuals and corporations.
Public Forest •Forest land belonging to municipal, state and federal governments.
Shallow Ecology •A term coined by Arnie Naess to describe those concerned from a human-centered perspective.
Sustainability •A concept generally defined as meeting the current needs of society without compromising the ability of future generations to meet theirs.
Turtle Island •The Native American name for North America.
Wilderness •An area of public land, designated by Congress, where man is only a visitor. Wilderness areas allow no motorized equipment, and usually no vegetative management of any kind. The most restrictive land use category among the public lands.
Wilderness Recovery Network •An inter-connected system of strictly protected areas surrounded by land used for human activities compatible with conservation that put biodiversity first, and linked together in some way that provides for functional connectivity of wildlife populations across the landscape.
Wildlanders •Adherents of the Wildlands Project.


Organizations ASPI (Appalachian Science in the Public Interest) •Headquartered in Livingston, KY, co-sponsored with Heartwood, the Forest Commons meeting in 1995.
Conservation Alliance •A group of companies that manufacture outdoor equipment, clothing, and supplies. CA makes donations to various environmental groups, some of which are working on the Wildlands Project.
Earth First! •Self proclaimed eco-terror organization founded by Dave Foreman and others in 1980. Many active with the Wildlands Project are currently or formally with Earth First!
EGA (Environmental Grantmakers Association) •An association of private and corporate foundations that make, oversee, and direct donations to environmental groups.
FDE (Foundation for Deep Ecology) •San Francisco, CA based philanthropic foundation endowed by clothing retailer Douglas Tompkins.
Heartwood •A Wildlands Project affiliate in Paoli, Indiana.
Human-i-Tees •An environmental fundraising company, they sell tee shirts in schools and donate 20% of their gross profits to environmental groups.
Lyndhurst Foundation •An EGA member, a private foundation headquartered in Chattanooga, TN, which sponsors Wildlands Project affiliates.
Patagonia •Makers of outdoor clothing
•Long-time financial supporters of Earth First! and now the Wildlands Project.
Pew Charitable Trust •A Philadelphia, PA based private foundation. EGA members and supporters of Wildlands Project affiliates
Rockefeller Brother’s Fund •A New York city based private foundation. EGA members and supporters of the Wildlands Project affiliates.
Southern Appalachian Biodiversity Project •A Wildlands Project affiliate working within the Southern Appalachian Forest Coalition to implement the Wildlands Project.
SAFC (Southern Appalachian Forest Coalition) •Made up of 13 southern regional environmental groups, and headquartered in Asheville, NC. SAFC is working on making the Wildlands Project a reality.
SAFC Members and Affiliates • Southern Environmental Law Center
•The Wilderness Society
•Wild Alabama
•Southern Appalachian Biodiversity Project
•Chattooga River Watershed Coalition
•Cherokee Forest Voices
•Citizen’s Task Force
•Forest Service Employees for Environmental Ethics
•Georgia Forest Watch
•Nantahala Forest Watch
•South Carolina Forest Watch
•Sierra Club (North Carolina Chapter, Pisgah, WENOCA, Franklin, South Carolina Chapter, Georgia Chapter)
•Grandfather District Old Growth Survey
•Old Growth Identification Project
•Western North Carolina Alliance
•Coalition for Jobs and the Environment
•Armuchee Alliance
•Alabama Environmental Council
•Southern Appalachian Highlands Ecoregion Task Force
SAFC Major Funders •Pew Charitable Trust
•Lyndhurst Foundation
•Merck Family Fund
•Moriah Fund
•Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation
•Town Creek Foundation
•Fred and Alice Stanback
•Norcross Wildlife Foundation
•Munson Foundation
•Surdna Foundation
•Turner Foundation
•Ruth Mott Fund
SELC (Southern Environmental Law Center) •A SAFC member, this group of lawyers headquartered in Charlottesville, VA is responsible for litigation and fund raising for SAFC.
Turner Foundation •A private foundation begun by media mogul Ted Turner, the Turner Foundation is a generous supporter of the Wildlands Project and its affiliates.
W Alton Jones Foundation •A private foundation in Charlottesville, VA. EGA members and strong supporters of SAFC and SELC.
Wild Earth •A quarterly magazine published by David Foreman, Wild Earth serves as the literary extension of the Wildlands Project.
Wildlands Project •A plan to return 50 percent of the North American continent to wild land or wilderness for the preservation of biological diversity.
Wildlands Project Affiliates The following list is compiled from groups mentioned in Wild Earth as "prime examples of the types of groups that will be working with The Wildlands Project."

•Minnesota Ecosystem Recovery Project
•Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance
•Yukon Wild
•Southwest Center for Biological Diversity
•Predator Project
•Carrying Capacity Networks
•Wildlands CPR (formerly Road-Rip)
•Northern Appalachian Restoration Project
•Northwoods Wilderness Recovery
•Southern Appalachian Biodiversity Project
•Superior Wilderness Action Network (SWAN)
•Biodiversity Legal Foundation
•Canadian Parks & Wilderness Society
•Alliance for the Wild Rockies
•American Wildlands
•California Wilderness Coalition
•Sky Island Alliance
•RESTORE: The North Woods
•Southeast Wildlands Project
•Society for Ecological Restoration
•Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc., Greater Ecosystem Alliance
•Southern Rockies Ecosystem Project, Environmental Ethics
•Finger Lakes Wild
•Forest Guardians
•Forest Reform Network
•Friends of the Bow
•Gila Watch
•Great Old Broads For Wilderness
•Hells Canyon Preservation Council
•Idaho Conservation League
•Klamath Forest Alliance
•Native Forest Council
•Oregon Natural Desert Association
•Oregon Natural Resources Council
•Planet Drum Foundation
•Preserve Appalachian Wilderness
•Public Lands Action Network
•Rest the West
•Save America’s Forest
•Siskiyou Regional Education Project
•Southeast Alaska Conservation Council
•Tatshenshini Wild
•Virginians for Wilderness
•Wildlife Damage Review
•The Xerces Society

People Abbey, Edward
(1927-1989) •Pennsylvania born author of The Brave Cowboy (1958), Desert Solitaire (1968), Slickrock (1971), The Monkey Wrench Gang (1975), and Abbey's Road (1979) The Monkey Wrench Gang is generally thought to have been the inspiration for Earth First!.
•Lived in and wrote about the desert southwest.
•A favorite author of Earth First! and Wildlands Project founder, Dave Foreman.
Barry, Wendell •Popular author who frequently uses deep ecology themes in his writing.
Davis, John •First editor of Wild Earth
•Former editor of Earth First! Journal
•Founding board member of the Wildlands Project
•Currently Biodiversity Program Officer with the Foundation for Deep Ecology.
Davis, Mary Byrd •Former university librarian
•Wild Earth associate editor, now runs eastern old growth clearing house.
Devall, Bill •Editorial advisor to Wild Earth.
•A leading proponent of deep ecology in the U.S. Along with George Sessions wrote one of the earliest books on the subject in Deep Ecology, Living As If Nature Mattered.
Foreman, David •Former Wilderness Society lobbyist
•Co-founder and former leader of Earth First!
•Current leader of the Wildlands Project and Publisher of Wild Earth magazine.
•Currently a board member of the Sierra Club.
Kalisz, Paul •University of Kentucky forestry professor, and author of several articles on ecoforestry.
Naess, Arnie •Norwegian philosopher who first developed the concept of deep ecology.
Noss, Reed •Science director of the Wildlands Project, and science editor of Wild Earth. Dr. Noss, a leading conservation biologist, has refined the idea of the connected system of wild land reserves upon which the Wildlands Project is based.
•One of the founders of the Society for Conservation Biology and one of the editors of Conservation Biology's journal.
Sessions, George •Editorial advisor to Wild Earth.
•A leading proponent of deep ecology in the U.S. Along with Bill Devall wrote Deep Ecology, Living As If Nature Mattered which popularized the philosophy of deep ecology in the U.S.
Snyder, Gary •Editorial advisor to Wild Earth.
•Pulitzer prize winning author
•Wrote Turtle Island, and often writes about Native American or Buddhist themes.
Tompkins, Douglas •Founded the outdoors gear and clothing company, The North Face. Later selling the company, Tompkins founded clothing retailer Esprit de Corp. In 1990, Tompkins sold his half of Esprit and founded FDE. Tompkins is also the owner of the 650,000-acre Pumalin Park in Chile.

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